Rediscovered Cuban Masterpiece By Mario Carreno Leads Christie's Latin American Art Sale In May
Date: 16 Apr 2009 | | Views: 3552
Mario Carreńo, Fuego en el batey (Fire in the farm) from 1943. Christie's Images Ltd.
NEW YORK - Christie’s announced a rediscovered painting by Mario Carreńo, entitled Fuego en el batey (Fire in the farm) from 1943, will lead the Latin American Sale on May 28. Widely regarded as a lost masterpiece of Cuban modernism, the painting has been in the Collection of Milton and Nona Ward in Baldwin, New York for over half a century. Never published in color and out of public view for all those years, Mario Carreńo’s Fuego en el batey appears now along with two other unpublished and unknown works by the artist and his contemporary René Portocarrero.
Virgilio Garza, Head of Latin American Art states, “Fuego en el Batey by Carreńo is a rare masterpiece that blends subject and form magnificently. It has achieved an iconic stature over time as a key missing link in the scholarship of one of Cuba’s most accomplished artists. Its reappearance is of invaluable importance to Cuban Art collectors and scholars and we are thrilled to present this masterpiece - a rare opportunity indeed.”
Born in the city of Havana, Mario Carreńo (1913-1999) is considered a leading member of the second generation of modernist painters of Cuba. Fuego en el batey is one of the three masterpieces from a brief series of paintings in Duco that he painted in Cuba in 1943 (estimate: $1-2 million).
Duco is a quick drying line of lacquers made especially for the automotive industry which allows an artist to work at great speed and build sucessive layers of color. Fuego en el batey and the rest of the Duco paintings, El corte de cańa (Cutting of the sugarcane), and Danza Afrocubana (African-Cuban dance), can be read as a triad, each representing an essential aspect of Cuban society – the family unit, agrarian life, and cultural heritage. Carreńo elevates the everyday to a subject of universal resonance. The three works were exhibited in Carreńo’s solo show at Havana’s Lyceum Gallery, which opened on November 1, 1943.
Carreńo’s subject in Fuego en el batey reflects a commitment to a Cuban national ethos through the depiction of peasants and the countryside. The painting illustrates a panic-stricken woman handing her child to a guajiro (Cuban name for peasant) on a horse, while behind them el batey is engulfed in flames. El batey is an area consisting of homes and stables on a rustic farm in Cuba.
The colors throughout this composition are intense and bright yet harmoniously orchestrated; bubble gum pink with lime green, light blue with red earth, soft purple with yellow and orange. The figures maintain a fleshy sensuality that recalls Picasso’s neo-classic phase, and the colors are reminiscent of the Italian Futurists. Unlike his contemporaries René Portocarrero, Mariano Rodríguez and Cundo Bermúdez, Carreńo was thoroughly trained in academic art practices, first at the San Alejandro Academy in Havana (1925-30); at the San Fernando Academy in Madrid (1932-35) and in Mexico with the Dominican painter Jaime Colson (1936).
Fuego en el batey is a large painting on wood panel in Duco and oil. Carreńo had experimented with Duco as early as 1937, but it was during David Alfaro Siqueiros’ visit to Havana in 1943 that Carreńo worked with the Duco medium in depth.
After Siqueiros fled Mexico in 1941 at the behest of the government for suspected involvement in Trotsky’s assassination, he traveled to Cuba in 1943. Carreńo brought Siqueiros and his family to live with him and his wife at their home in the Vedado neighborhood of Havana. While there, Siqueiros painted a mural in the home’s foyer. Carreńo assisted him and became re-introduced to the uses of Duco.
Other Cuban paintings from the Collection of Milton and Nona Ward include two works by Carreńo, Untitled, painted in 1938, which portrays musicians (estimate: $50,000-70,000) and Untitled (Woman with Flowers) from 1945 (estimate: $30,000-40,000), as well as René Portocarrero’s Untitled (Woman with Umbrella) (estimate: $25,000-30,000). The Wards loved beautiful objects and appreciated the grace and appeal of the works of art they began to collect in the 1950s. They attended art auctions, frequented galleries, and visited museums. The Wards themselves were artists and had met as students at the renowned Julliard School in New York City; Mr. Ward trained as an opera singer while Mrs. Ward studied to be a concert violinist. Auction: Latin American Sale May 28-29. Viewing: Christie’s 20 Rockefeller Plaza Galleries May 23-28.