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    The Times Top 200 Artists of the 20th Century to Now

    Date: 12 Jun 2009 | | Views: 3782

    Source: The Times (UK)

    Sixteen weeks after we invited you to have your say, the votes are in — all 1.4 million of them. Here, we reveal the results of our poll, in conjunction with the Saatchi, to discover who you think are the greatest artists working since 1900

    Artist list Votes
    1 Pablo Picasso 21587
    2 Paul Cezanne 21098
    3 Gustav Klimt 20823
    4 Claude Monet 20684
    5 Marcel Duchamp 20647
    6 Henri Matisse 17096
    7 Jackson Pollock 17051
    8 Andy Warhol 17047
    9 Willem De Kooning 17042
    10 Piet Mondrian 17028
    11 Paul Gauguin 17027
    12 Francis Bacon 17018
    13 Robert Rauschenberg 16956
    14 Georges Braque 16788
    15 Wassily Kandinsky 16055
    16 Constantin Brancusi 14224
    17 Kasimir Malevich 13609
    18 Jasper Johns 12988
    19 Frida Kahlo 12940
    20 Martin Kippenberger 12784
    21 Paul Klee 12750
    22 Egon Schiele 12696
    23 Donald Judd 12613
    24 Bruce Nauman 12517
    25 Alberto Giacometti 12098
    26 Salvador Dali 11496
    27 Auguste Rodin 8989
    28 Mark Rothko 8951
    29 Edward Hopper 8918
    30 Lucian Freud 8897
    31 Richard Serra 8858
    32 Rene Magritte 8837
    33 David Hockney 8787
    34 Philip Guston 8786
    35 Henri Cartier-Bresson 8779
    36 Pierre Bonnard 8778
    37 Jean-Michel Basquiat 8746
    38 Max Ernst 8737
    39 Diane Arbus 8733
    40 Georgia O'Keeffe 8714
    41 Cy Twombly 8708
    42 Max Beckmann 8690
    43 Barnett Newman 8643
    44 Giorgio De Chirico 8462
    45 Roy Lichtenstein 7441
    46 Edvard Munch 5080
    47 Pierre Auguste Renoir 5063
    48 Man Ray 5050
    49 Henry Moore 5045
    50 Cindy Sherman 5041
    51 Jeff Koons 5028
    52 Tracey Emin 4961
    53 Damien Hirst 4960
    54 Yves Klein 4948
    55 Henri Rousseau 4944
    56 Chaim Soutine 4927
    57 Arshile Gorky 4926
    58 Amedeo Modigliani 4924
    59 Umberto Boccioni 4918
    60 Jean Dubuffet 4910
    61 Eva Hesse 4908
    62 Edouard Vuillard 4899
    63 Carl Andre 4898
    64 Juan Gris 4898
    65 Lucio Fontana 4896
    66 Franz Kline 4894
    67 David Smith 4842
    68 Joseph Beuys 4480
    69 Alexander Calder 3241
    70 Louise Bourgeois 3240
    71 Marc Chagall 3224
    72 Gerhard Richter 3123
    73 Balthus 3090
    74 Joan Miro 3087
    75 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 3084
    76 Frank Stella 3078
    77 Georg Baselitz 3048
    78 Francis Picabia 3046
    79 Jenny Saville 3034
    80 Dan Flavin 3024
    81 Alfred Stieglitz 3017
    82 Anselm Kiefer 3010
    83 Matthew Barney 3005
    84 George Grosz 2990
    85 Bernd And Hilla Becher 2980
    86 Sigmar Polke 2966
    87 Brice Marden 2947
    88 Maurizio Cattelan 2940
    89 Sol LeWitt 2926
    90 Chuck Close 2915
    91 Edward Weston 2899
    92 Joseph Cornell 2893
    93 Karel Appel 2890
    94 Bridget Riley 2885
    95 Alexander Archipenko 2884
    96 Anthony Caro 2879
    97 Richard Hamilton 2878
    98 Clyfford Still 2864
    99 Luc Tuymans 2862
    100 Claes Oldenburg 2843
    101 Eduardo Paolozzi 2839
    102 Frank Auerbach 2836
    103 Dinos and Jake Chapman 2827
    104 Marlene Dumas 2827
    105 Antoni Tapies 2825
    106 Giorgio Morandi 2824
    107 Walker Evans 2823
    108 Nan Goldin 2819
    109 Robert Frank 2818
    110 Georges Rouault 2818
    111 Jean Arp 2817
    112 August Sander 2809
    113 James Rosenquist 2808
    114 Andreas Gursky 2804
    115 Eugene Atget 2802
    116 Jeff Wall 2790
    117 Ellsworth Kelly 2789
    118 Bill Brandt 2787
    119 Christo And Jeanne Claude 2782
    120 Howard Hodgkin 2781
    121 Josef Albers 2781
    122 Piero Manzoni 2777
    123 Agnes Martin 2771
    124 Anish Kapoor 2768
    125 L.S. Lowry 2761
    126 Robert Motherwell 2754
    127 Robert Delaunay 2747
    128 Stuart Davis 2742
    129 Ed Ruscha 2731
    130 Gilbert & George 2729
    131 Stanley Spencer 2720
    132 James Ensor 2719
    133 Fernand Leger 2718
    134 Brassai (Gyula Halasz) 2717
    135 Alexander Rodchenko 2715
    136 Robert Ryman 2711
    137 Ad Reinhardt 2709
    138 Hans Bellmer 2700
    139 Isa Genzken 2699
    140 Kees Van Dongen 2698
    141 Weegee 2698
    142 Paula Rego 2695
    143 Thomas Hart Benton 2689
    144 Hans Hofmann 2684
    145 Vladimir Tatlin 2679
    146 Odilon Redon 2653
    147 George Segal 2619
    148 Jorg Immendorff 2611
    149 Robert Smithson 2435
    150 Peter Doig 2324
    151 Ed and Nancy Kienholz 2293
    152 Richard Prince 2266
    153 Ansel Adams 2262
    154 Naum Gabo 2256
    155 Diego Rivera 2239
    156 Barbara Hepworth 2237
    157 Nicolas De Stael 2237
    158 Walter De Maria 2229
    159 Felix Gonzalez-Torres 2228
    160 Giacomo Balla 2225
    161 Ben Nicholson 2221
    162 Anthony Gormley 2218
    163 Lyonel Feininger 2216
    164 Emil Nolde 2213
    165 Mark Wallinger 2211
    166 Hermann Nitsch 2209
    167 Paul Signac 2209
    168 Jean Tinguely 2209
    169 Kurt Schwitters 2209
    170 Grayson Perry 2208
    171 Julian Schnabel 2208
    172 Raymond Duchamp-Villon 2208
    173 Robert Gober 2208
    174 Duane Hanson 2208
    175 Richard Diebenkorn 2207
    176 Alex Katz 2207
    177 Alighiero E Boetti 2206
    178 Henri Gaudier-Brzeska 2206
    179 Laszlo Moholy-Nagy 2205
    180 Jacques-Henri Lartigue 2205
    181 Robert Morris 2205
    182 Sarah Lucas 2204
    183 Jannis Kounellis 2204
    184 Chris Burden 2204
    185 Otto Dix 2203
    186 David Bomberg 2203
    187 Fischli & Weiss 2203
    188 Augustus John 2203
    189 Marsden Hartley 2203
    190 Takashi Murakami 2203
    191 James Turrell 2202
    192 Isamu Noguchi 2201
    193 Robert Mangold 2201
    194 John Chamberlain 2201
    195 Charles Demuth 2200
    196 John Currin 2200
    197 Alberto Burri 2200
    198 Arnulf Rainer 2200
    199 David Salle 2200
    200 Hiroshi Sugimoto 2199


    Charles Saatchi's verdict I Tracey Emin's favourite I Jack Vettriano's favourite

    At first glance, the results of this poll may seem rather predictable — but the longer you look, the more telling the quirks and anomalies become. This is precisely its point. It’s not there to agree with. It is there to argue against.

    Several artists would seem to be enormously overrated. What is Martin Kippenburger doing in the Top 20, rated above Rothko and Schiele and Klee? It feels like a blip — which is probably appropriate for a radical who likes to barge in irreverently. Frida Kahlo does not merit her top spot of 19. How can this solipsistic painting by-numbers-style recorder of her own misery be placed above Munch, with his otherworldly scream? She probably represents the woman’s vote. But then, why not put Louise Bourgeois far higher — that septuagenarian who, rummaging about in the rag-and-bone shop of the heart, has had so pervasive an influence on future generations?

    Influence, perhaps, is not adequately reflected in this list. Andy Warhol, who stamped the patterns of postmodernism, comes only eighth when the delightful but pre-eminently decorative Gustav Klimt comes in third. Do we, at heart, not appreciate the conceptual? Do we prefer a nice painting to a muddle of ideas? Marcel Duchamp, the father of the conceptual, is rated only fifth — and Richard Hamilton and Gilbert and George, so profoundly influential on their peers, come in at 97 and 130. For the significance of their work, both should make the top quarter.

    How do the British do? Francis Bacon, that impassioned outsider, misses making the Top Ten by only nine votes. After that, you have to wait until No 30 to find Lucian Freud, who attracts only half as many aficionados. But he is our first living British artist and his fellow contemporary, David Hockney, comes in close behind. They are the British Establishment and those impudent upstarts, the Brit pack, can’t knock them from their pedestals. Vote counts have halved by the time Tracey Emin and Damien Hirst come in neck and neck, within one vote of each other at 52 and 53 respectively. But our leading modernists, it would seem, have fallen behind. Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth limp home in the last quarter of the field, although Henry Moore, once a worldwide celebrity, manages to puff in at a just-about-respectable if not impressive No 49.

    David Bomberg, the painter’s painter, is a completely underrated straggler. He is one of several real talents who have found themselves abandoned by a fickle world of fashion. Augustus John, once so suavely famous, is all but forgotten. And when it comes to more contemporary talents, surely, had this poll been taken five years ago, the fantastical avant-garde imagination of Matthew Barney would have ranked far more highly. And what happened to Walter de Maria, whose vast, zigzagging Lightning Field captures the electricity that flickers and forks across the New Mexican desert in the name of aesthetics, or James Turrell, who is transforming a volcanic crater into a vast observatory?

    Painting is more appealing than sculpture, apparently. Constantin Brancusi, at 16, is the first sculptor to make the list, and although the emaciated striders of Alberto Giacometti are next, they only just manage to sneak into the first 25.

    The results show a strong inclination towards the early modern, towards styles and experiments that have had a century or so to settle down through once-outraged sensibilities, forming the deep sediment of tastes. The Top Five artists have all been dead for at least 50 years. Jasper Johns, that great American flag-bearer for a now ubiquitous appropriation of populist iconography into art, is the first living artist on the list. He comes in at 19 — and he is almost an octogenarian (although admittedly his close friend and artistic peer Robert Rauschenberg, who comes in six places and nearly 4,000 votes higher, died only last year).

    The big, bold, pioneering talents of an audacious postwar America are the most popular after those of the early modern Europe — which, again, is predictable. It is a preference that follows the art historical canon, which, as Europe disintegrated into two world wars, watched the artistic baton being carried — more often than not in the hands of refugees — to the States.


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